Bill C-11 passed its final vote at third reading just before 11 p.m. on Monday night, by a vote of 158-135.
The bill was introduced in the Senate immediately, and is expected to speed through all stages of review there, thanks to the Conservative majority. The changes are expected to become law before the start of the summer recess.
The bill has wide implications for the production, sale, distribution and consumption of digital content, including music, video, electronic books and software. It allows consumers to make copies or backups of copyrighted work for personal use, but includes provisions for "digital locks" that would allow rights holders to restrict or prohibit copying, even for personal use.
It also prohibits the circumvention of those digital locks and sets fines for personal violations of copyright.
When C-11 was introduced last fall, Heritage Minister James Moore said he was re-introducing the exact same legislation that died on the order paper when the 2011 federal election was called to take advantage of the hours of committee study that had already gone into reviewing the previous bill.
The legislation was reviewed again by a special Commons committee designated especially for the task of reviewing often complex provisions.
Conservative MPs brought forward eight amendments and used their majority on the committee to pass them. The amendments were mostly technical, in some cases bringing the bill more in line with industry standards.
The Conservatives used time allocation motion for the second time on the bill to advance it through to its final vote on Monday night.
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