by 'soul' you mean sense of self (self-awareness), right Mac? yes its proven for upper primates, dolphins, not sure about other species off the top of head.
emotions are however more widespread. While u cant confuse stress with emotions, emotions beyond instinct have been demonstrated in individuals, but not convincingly with species. Environment (social) has a lot to do with it
|07-06-12 at 03:37 AM||#15|
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|07-07-12 at 12:45 AM||#16|
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Yes, I believe that self-awareness, sentience is part of the construct that equals a 'soul'.