The latest English-speaking one is Tree Of Life by the genius Terrence Malick.
Also look for his older ones: every film he has ever made is beautiful and very much oriented toward philosophy of life, aided by simply genius cinematography which plays as much a role as plot & character.
Both Badlands and Days of Heaven, his first two features, have been lovingly restored and put to Bluray - now they're better than when they were first released in my opinion.
Also Sergio Leone made some very profound films. Though mostly seen as a master storyteller and cinematography genius, I think is films are way more than just stories.
If you're looking for deeply philosophical and cinematically profound films, with cinematography to blow your mind, look to Europe, and Russia. Russia is the homeland of life affecting films for me - their cinematography is uniformly brilliant, and their culture demands they question the meaning of life every day - so in general, their films are that way inclined.
A short list of European films that come to mind:
Andrei Tarchivsky - every cinephile's hero:
Solaris(NOT the remake), Nostalghia, Ivan's Childhood, The Mirror, Stalker, Andrei Rublev... and more
Brother(1991), Cargo 200, Morfiy... and more
'12', Urga, Burnt by the Sun, Barber of Siberia... and more
The Return, The Banishment
Italy has lots of greats - past and present, one contemporary director being Paolo Sorrentino - he has recently made two utterly mind blowing, hilarious, beautiful and profound films:
The Consequences of Love, and The Family Friend.
Denmark's Lars Von Truer - my favs being Breaking the Waves, Dancer in the Dark, Antichrist, and his classic two season TV series The Kingdom - aka Riget.
Demonlover is totally mind-blowing - by French great Olivier Assayas.
Wicked, twisted and brilliant little films.
The above is not a 'favorites list, they're just what came to mind.
As there are just too many films to list, I'l list a few directors whose films are worth checking out: Ingmar Bergman, Michael Haneke, Davids Lynch and Cronenberg, Jan Troell, Jean=Pierre Jeunet... there really are just too many - both directors and films.
There are so many amazing films out there - Europe, especially old Eastern Europe, is pumping out some of the most amazing films I've ever seen. Really to find these, you have to find a film you like, look at the director's other work, look for listings that show similar films(such as IMDB's lists along the bottom), search review sites such as Twitch - eventually you'll find them yourself.
Sorry if all that seems a little patronizing!
But I've spent many years searching for great films, and have found the search can be as addictive as the watching and collecting. So I encourage it.
Again - there are so many great films from the past and even more mind-blowing ones are being made now - so to list even a top 50 would be pointless.
Enjoy the hunt!
And if you don't have a decent projector: get one!
Last edited by cinesimon; 09-28-11 at 07:20 PM.